Noble Prize is the most prestigious award given to a person. It is started in 1901 in a Memory of Alfred Noble. Institutions of two countries Sweden and Norway decides the Noble Prize Winner. Institutes of Sweden decide Noble Prize winners in all categories except Peace Prize.
Institutes of Norway decides the Noble Peace Prize Winners. Noble Prizes are given to laureates for there Exceptional work in the field of Sciences, Literature, Economics, and for peace work. The announcement for Noble Prize Winners of 2020 has already been started. Here we will provide the full list of Noble Prize Winners of 2020. Also, we will tell you on what basis they get this noble Prize.
1- Noble Prize of physiology Or Medicine
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, Michael Houghton shared the Noble Prize of Physiology or Medicine. They Received the Noble Prize for there discovery about the cause of the Hepatitis C Virus.
Noble Prize Committee tells these Three are selected for this year Noble Prize because “They made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.”.
2 – Noble Prize in Physics
This Year Physics Noble was awarded to Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel, Andrea Ghez for there discoveries about one of the most exotic phenomena in the universe, the black hole. Prize Amount of 10 million Swedish kronor, with one half to Roger Penrose and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez.
3 – Noble Prize in Chemistry
Noble Prize of Chemistry for this year is shared between Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna. It is jointly awarded to both laureates because of there work “for the development of a method for genome editing”. also Using these, researchers can change the DNA of animals, plants, and microorganisms with extremely high precision.
This technology has had a revolutionary impact on the life sciences, is contributing to new cancer therapies, and may make the dream of curing inherited diseases come true. Prize Money of 10 million Swedish kronor is shared between both of them.
4 – Noble Prize in Literature
5 – Noble Prize in Peace
Noble Prize in Peace of 2020 will be provided to an organization named World Food Programme (WFP). It is provided to World Food Programme “for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.”
6 – Noble Prize in Economics
Laureates for the Noble Prize in Economics will be declared on 12th October 2020.